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Trayectoria criminal y tipología del homicida de pareja íntima de mujeres en Chile. Seguimiento longitudinal entre los años 2004 y 2021

Criminal trajectory and typology of the homicide of intimate partners of women in Chile. Longitudinal follow-up between the years 2004 and 2021

Published onOct 11, 2023
Trayectoria criminal y tipología del homicida de pareja íntima de mujeres en Chile. Seguimiento longitudinal entre los años 2004 y 2021
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Abstract

La violencia contra la mujer especialmente la letal sigue siendo uno de los problemas más graves de la sociedad. Por eso los objetivos de este trabajo buscan caracterizar este delito en Chile, conocer las dimensiones de las trayectorias criminales y las tipologías de los agresores. El diseño es longitudinal retrospectivo. Se identificaron todos los hombres denunciados y detenidos por homicidio consumado y frustrado de su pareja mujer por Carabineros de Chile, a nivel nacional, entre los años 2011 y 2021, además de todas sus reincidencias entre el año 2004 y 2021. Los resultados ponen de manifiesto que el 85% cometió delitos antes del homicidio, de los cuales un 61,4% ejerció violencia contra la pareja no letal. Confirmando así que el homicidio se produce en el contexto de una trayectoria criminal de larga duración, con alta reincidencia y versatilidad. Se propone que las estrategias de protección se dirijan principalmente sobre mujeres vinculadas a hombres con antecedentes criminales.

Violence against women, especially lethal violence, continues to be one of the most serious problems in society, which is why the objectives of this work seek to characterize this crime in Chile, to know the dimensions of criminal trajectories and the typologies of the aggressors. The design is longitudinal retrospective. All the men denounced and detained by intimate partner homicide by Carabineros de Chile were identified, at the national level, between the years 2011 and 2021, in addition to all their recidivisms between the year 2004 and 2021. 85% committed crimes before the homicide, of which 61.4% used violence against a non-lethal partner. The violent antisocial typology predominates, with which the homicide occurs in the context of a long-term criminal career, with high recidivism and versatility. Protection strategies should primarily target women associated with men with criminal records.

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